Silver nanowire transparent electrodes
- Metal nanowire based transparent electrodes offer a lower cost, mechanically flexible alternative to industry standard transparent conductive oxides without making any optical or electrical performance tradeoffs. My PhD research has been focused on making high performance, fully solution processed transparent electrodes using meshes of randomly oriented, high aspect ratio silver nanowires (AgNWs). In this dissertation, I will cover several aspects of my work in this area. First, I will discuss the use of computer simulations to understand what has historically limited the performance of metal nanowire networks with an eye on understanding the changes that can be made during fabrication and post processing to address these performance limitations and increase overall transparent conductor performance. Secondly, I will cover the deposition and post-processing techniques I have developed to produce the highest performance solution processed transparent electrodes which reach a sheet resistance of 6.3 ohm/s while maintaining 92% visible light transmission, besting the performance metrics of the industry standard transparent conductor, ITO. I will cover the design and operating principals of a custom built deposition tool which uses silver nanowires having diameters 35-90nm and lengths 10-30µm to produce uniform, large area electrodes by a spray deposition method. I will also discuss the use of a laser annealing method to further increase the conductivity of these silver nanowire electrodes. Finally, I will discuss the integration of these high performance transparent conductors into several different types of optoelectronic devices. These devices include organic light emitting diodes with enhanced off-normal transmission, and a semi-transparent perovskite solar cell with 77% peak light transmission and 12.7% power conversion efficiency which is used as the top cell in a four terminal tandem architecture with a CIGS bottom cell giving an 18.6% tandem.
|Type of resource
|electronic; electronic resource; remote
|1 online resource.
|Christoforo, Mark Greyson
|Stanford University, Department of Electrical Engineering.
|Howe, Roger Thomas
|Howe, Roger Thomas
|Statement of responsibility
|Mark Greyson Christoforo.
|Submitted to the Department of Electrical Engineering.
|Thesis (Ph.D.)--Stanford University, 2014.
- © 2014 by Mark Greyson Christoforo
- This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 Unported license (CC BY-NC).
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