A multi-regime combustion model for reactive flow in internal combustion engines
- With the ever-rising need for better fuel efficiency and lower emissions, the development of better engine technologies is essential. Developing these technologies requires a good understanding of the interaction between the various coupled multi-physics phenomena present in the engine. Detailed simulations of the engine can potentially provide this. Such simulations are becoming tractable now with the increase in available computational power. Since the combustion process is the primary controlling feature in these engines, an accurate combustion model is essential for enabling these simulations. This model must be efficient and valid across different combustion regimes, since modern engines might operate in hybrid modes. In this work, a framework for studying combustion in engines is developed. In the first part of this work, the focus is on the premixed regime which is dominant in Spark Ignited (SI) engines. The canonical flamelet model used extensively to study constant pressure premixed combustion is extended to variable pressure conditions that are observed in an engine cylinder. An extrapolation procedure is also developed for ensuring a consistent enthalpy and temperature under strong compression. This model is validated against direct numerical simulations with detailed chemistry under different turbulence conditions. The performance of the isobaric model is also evaluated in high turbulence conditions by comparing against detailed experiments of a piloted premixed jet burner with finite rate chemistry and different turbulence levels. In the second part of this work, the autoignition regime is studied, which is the dominant regime in Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition (HCCI) engines. The Representative Interactive Flamelet (RIF) combustion model has previously been used to describe ignition, combustion, and pollutant formation in direct-injected Diesel engines. It has also been applied successfully for HCCI type combustion. In this work, the RIF model is validated against direct numerical simulation data to evaluate model performance under mixture stratification in Diesel, HCCI, and hybrid regimes. A wide range of thermal stratification and concurrent stratification cases is considered using the model. Since mixed modes are present in a modern engine, a multi-regime combustion model is required. A model is developed in this work by integrating the models for autoignition and premixed regimes. This model is validated against direct numerical simulations with for cases both regimes are important. Finally, simulations of an actual engine are performed. First, the validity of the flow solution is tested by simulating flow bench configurations with no valve motion or reaction. Next, gas exchange simulations of a motored engine are performed. Last, simulation of mixture formation in an engine is performed.
|Type of resource
|electronic; electronic resource; remote
|1 online resource.
|Stanford University, Department of Mechanical Engineering
|Mungal, Mark Godfrey
|Mungal, Mark Godfrey
|Statement of responsibility
|Submitted to the Department of Mechanical Engineering.
|Thesis (Ph.D.)--Stanford University, 2012.
- © 2012 by Varun Mittal
- This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 Unported license (CC BY-NC).
Also listed in
Loading usage metrics...