De la periferia al centro : el imperio Americano y la nación Española en la obra de Mariano José de Larra, Benito Pérez Galdós y Antonio Machado
- An increasing array of transatlantic approaches to Spanish and Latin American literary and cultural studies have shaped the transnational dialogue central to my research: the exploration of the imperial foundations of the Spanish nation. That is, how the process of construction of modern Spain throughout the nineteenth century is a reaction to the two moments of decolonization and loss of empire (1824 and 1898), and how this catalytic role of the American colonies is reflected in the writings of the main literary figures of the time. This dissertation offers a new view of the works of three key Spanish authors of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries: Mariano José de Larra (1809-1837), Benito Pérez Galdós (1843-1920), and Antonio Machado (1875-1939). Following the recent historiographical currents that underscore the importance of the old colonies in the formation of a liberal Spain (such as the works of Christopher Schmidt-Nowara and Josep Maria Fradera), and through close readings of a selection of texts by Larra, Galdós, and Machado, this dissertation unearths the rarely studied presence of America in these texts and attempts to analyze these artistic references to the former colonies not only as historical portrayals, but also as reflections made in the former metropolis about the developing nation-state. This analysis takes into account the authors' shared understanding of literature as a tool for nation building, their concern for the development of Spain as a modern nation, and, more importantly, their awareness of the links between the potential new modern nation and the old transatlantic empire. Through an exploration of works pertaining to different literary genres (journalistic satires by Larra and Machado, novels by Galdós, and poems by Machado) and viewed as various ways to achieve a historical reconstruction of the recent past, I investigate how the authors reflect on Spain's aspirations to redefine itself as an imperial nation. Furthermore, I examine the authors' use of imperial loss as an example of how a lack of integration between metropolis and periphery (colonial and provincial) leads to the disintegration of empires and nations.
|Type of resource
|electronic; electronic resource; remote
|1 online resource.
|González Flores, Francisca I
|Stanford University, Department of Iberian and Latin American Cultures.
|Predmore, Michael P
|Predmore, Michael P
|Statement of responsibility
|Francisca I. González Flores.
|Submitted to the Department of Iberian and Latin American Cultures.
|Thesis (Ph.D.)--Stanford University, 2014.
- © 2014 by Francisca Ignacia Gonzalez Flores
- This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 Unported license (CC BY-NC).
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