Emancipation and exclusion : the politics of slavery and colonization, 1787-1865

Placeholder Show Content


For much of the United States' first one-hundred years, a significant and diverse array of politicians argued that the nation's black population should be removed. The most commonly recommended resettlement destination was west Africa, specifically the colony of Liberia, established by colonization advocates and black American emigrants in the early 1820s. Other recommended destinations were Haiti, locations in Central and South America, and unsettled territory in the western part of North America. Although we, in the present, might expect that the cohort of politicians who promoted this idea had limited influence, the roster included many of the nation's most prominent statesmen: Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, Henry Clay, Francis Scott Key, Daniel Webster, and Abraham Lincoln. These individuals, along with allies from nearly every state and territory, repeatedly asked Congress to support the cause of racial separation. My dissertation asks two fundamental questions. First, why was colonization so strongly and persistently advocated by federal politicians during the fifty years prior to slavery's abolition by the Thirteenth Amendment? Second, if colonization had such strong and persistent support, why did Congress pass so few colonization-related bills during this period, and why, in the end, was colonization not part of the final moment of abolition?.


Type of resource text
Form electronic; electronic resource; remote
Extent 1 online resource.
Publication date 2017
Issuance monographic
Language English


Associated with Hammann, Andrew F
Associated with Stanford University, Department of History.
Primary advisor Campbell, James
Thesis advisor Campbell, James
Thesis advisor Hobbs, Allyson Vanessa
Thesis advisor White, Richard
Advisor Hobbs, Allyson Vanessa
Advisor White, Richard


Genre Theses

Bibliographic information

Statement of responsibility Andrew F. Hammann.
Note Submitted to the Department of History.
Thesis Thesis (Ph.D.)--Stanford University, 2017.
Location electronic resource

Access conditions

© 2017 by Andrew Francis Hammann
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 Unported license (CC BY-NC).

Also listed in

Loading usage metrics...