TR175: Multidisciplinary Process Integration and Design Optimization of a Classroom Building

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Architecture, Engineering, and Construction (AEC) professionals typically achieve very few design and analysis iterations during the conceptual stage of a project. One primary cause is limitations in the processes and software tools used by the AEC industry. The aerospace industry has overcome similar limitations using a technique known as Process Integration and Design Optimization (PIDO), resulting in a greater number of design iterations and improved processes and product performance. This paper describes a test application of PIDO to an AEC case study: the multidisciplinary design and optimization (MDO) of a classroom building for structural and energy performance. We demonstrate how PIDO can enable orders of magnitude improvement in the number of iterations typically achieved in practice, and assess the methodology’s potential to improve AEC MDO processes and products.


Type of resource text
Date created October 2008


Author Flager, Forest
Author Welle, Benjamin
Author Bansal, Prasun
Author Soremekun, Grant
Author Haymaker, John


Subject CIFE
Subject Center for Integrated Facility Engineering
Subject Stanford University
Subject 3-D
Subject Automation
Subject Design
Subject Energy Simulation
Subject Integration
Subject Multidisciplinary Optimization
Subject Process Modeling
Subject Process Models
Subject Product Model
Subject Product Models
Subject Simulation
Subject Structural Analysis
Subject VDC
Subject Virtual Design and Construction
Genre Technical report

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Flager, Forest and Welle, Benjamin and Bansal, Prasun and Soremekun, Grant and Haymaker, John. (2008). TR175: Multidisciplinary Process Integration and Design Optimization of a Classroom Building. Stanford Digital Repository. Available at:


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