“What are your character defects?”: How parole reflects a flawed justice system

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A comprehensive summary and reflection on the system of parole and how its focus on individual 'defects' fails to adequately represent those who are incarcerated, especially those in the intersection of race, gender, and sexuality, more specifically Black and Brown transgender, gender variant, and intersex people. The community partner I worked on this project with is TGIJP, or the Transgender Gender-Variant and Intersex Justice Project based in San Francisco, California.


Type of resource still image
Date created September 5, 2023
Publication date September 19, 2023; September 19, 2023


Author Muang, Cid


Subject TGI
Subject Transgender people
Subject Gender-nonconforming people
Subject gender-variant
Subject Intersex people
Subject black transgender
Subject brown transgender
Subject Jails
Subject Imprisonment
Subject Incarceration
Subject Parole
Subject Prisons
Subject Prison abolition movements
Subject character defects
Subject Parole boards
Subject good time credit
Genre Image
Genre Poster
Genre Posters

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User agrees that, where applicable, content will not be used to identify or to otherwise infringe the privacy or confidentiality rights of individuals. Content distributed via the Stanford Digital Repository may be subject to additional license and use restrictions applied by the depositor.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 4.0 International license (CC BY-NC-SA).

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Preferred citation
Muang, C. (2023). “What are your character defects?”: How parole reflects a flawed justice system. Stanford Digital Repository. Available at https://purl.stanford.edu/rt406qj0751. https://doi.org/10.25740/rt406qj0751.


Stanford University, Center for Comparative Studies in Race and Ethnicity, Community-Engaged Summer Fellowship

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