Solid state cavity quantum electrodynamics with quantum dots coupled to photonic crystal cavities
- Quantum dots (QDs) coupled to optical cavities constitute a scalable, robust, on-chip, semiconductor platform for probing fundamental cavity quantum electrodynamics. Very strong interaction between light and matter can be achieved in this system as a result of the eld localization inside sub-cubic wavelength volumes leading to vacuum Rabi frequencies in the range of 10s of GHz. Such strong light-matter interaction produces an optical nonlinearity that is present even at single-photon level and is tunable at a very fast time-scale. This enables one to go beyond fundamental cavity quantum electrodynamics (CQED) studies and to employ such e ects for building practical information processing devices. My PhD work has focused on both fundamental physics of the coupled QD-nanocavity system, as well as on several proof-of-principle devices for low-power optical information processing based on this platform. We have demonstrated the e ects of photon blockade and photon-induced tunneling, which con rm the quantum nature of the coupled dot-cavity system. Using these e ects and the photon correlation measurements of light transmitted through the dot-cavity system, we identify the rst and second order energy manifolds of the Jaynes-Cummings ladder describing the strong coupling between the quantum dot and the cavity eld, and propose a new way to generate multi-Fock states with high purity. In addition, the interaction of the quantum dot with its semiconductor environment gives rise to novel phenomena unique to a solid state cavity QED system, namely phonon-mediated o -resonant dot-cavity coupling. We have employed this effect to perform cavity-assisted resonant quantum dot spectroscopy, which allows us to resolve frequency features far below the limit of a conventional spectrometer. Finally, the applications of such a coupled dot-cavity system in optical information processing including ultrafast, low power all-optical switching and electro-optic modulation are explored. With the light-matter interactions controlled at the most fundamental level, the nano-photonic devices we implemented on this platform operate at extremely low control powers and could achieve switching speeds potentially exceeding 10 GHz.
|Type of resource
|electronic; electronic resource; remote
|1 online resource.
|Stanford University, Department of Electrical Engineering
|Miller, D. A. B
|Miller, D. A. B
|Statement of responsibility
|Submitted to the Department of Electrical Engineering.
|Thesis (Ph.D.)--Stanford University, 2012.
- © 2012 by Arka Majumdar
- This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 Unported license (CC BY-NC).
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