A Hippocampal stereotaxy software package ("Hippotaxy"), with user manual and instructional videos.
Background: Stereotactic laser ablation and neurostimulator placement represent an evolution in staged surgical intervention for epilepsy. As practice evolves, optimal targeting will require standardized outcome measures that compare electrode lead or laser source with post-procedural changes in seizure frequency. Since non-lesional seizure foci are localized to the hippocampus by semiology and electrophysiology, stereotactic indirect targeting may be required for optimal targeting and outcome. We propose and present a novel stereotactic coordinate system based upon mesial temporal anatomic landmarks to facilitate the planning and delineation of outcomes based on extent of ablation of mesial temporal structures.
Methodology: The body of the hippocampus contains a natural axis, approximated by the interface of CA4 and the dentate gyrus. The uncal recess of the lateral ventricle acts as a landmark to characterize anterior-posterior extent. Several volumetric rotations are quantified for alignment with the hippocampal coordinate system. First, the brain volume is rotated to align with standard AC-PC space. Then, it is rotated through the angles the hippocampal-axis makes with the AC/PC-line, from both an axial and sagittal view.
Results: Using this coordinate system, customized MATLAB software was developed to allow for intuitive standardization of targeting and interpretation. The angle between the AC/PC-line and the hippocampal-axis was found to be ~20-30° when viewed sagittally and of order ~0-10° when viewed axially. Implanted electrodes can then be identified from CT in this space, and laser tip position and burn geometry can be calculated based on the intraoperative and post-operative MRI.
Conclusion: With the advent of stereotactic surgery for mesial temporal targets, a hippocampal stereotactic system is introduced which may facilitate operative planning, improve surgical outcomes, and standardize outcome assessment.
|Type of resource
|Miller, Kai J
|Stereotactic laser ablation
- Use and reproduction
- User agrees that, where applicable, content will not be used to identify or to otherwise infringe the privacy or confidentiality rights of individuals. Content distributed via the Stanford Digital Repository may be subject to additional license and use restrictions applied by the depositor.
- This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported license (CC BY).
- Preferred Citation
- Hippocampal stereotaxy: A novel mesial temporal stereotactic coordinate system -- The "Hippotaxy" software package
Stanford Research DataView other items in this collection in SearchWorks
Also listed in
Loading usage metrics...