Global health and the environment : studies on air pollution and reproductive health policies
- Air pollution and reproductive health access are two of the world's most pressing global health problems. My dissertation examines these issues through four chapters. Air pollution is currently the biggest environmental cause of disease and premature death globally and 92% of air pollution related deaths occur in low-income countries. Air pollution has been rising in many low-income countries as a result of rapid economic development and urbanization. The first two chapters examine the case of brick manufacturing in Bangladesh, one of the country's most polluting industries. First, I use a novel approach for identifying brick kilns in satellite imagery and empirically document the extent to which people are exposed to the industry and the state of regulatory compliance. In my second chapter, I demonstrate the consequences of regulatory failures in terms of air pollution and health impacts for people living in close proximity to brick manufacturing. Turning to the other part of my dissertation, abortion access is being addressed worldwide, with examples of both restrictions and expansions. While the policy debate is often dominated by moral and ethical arguments, much less attention is paid to the impacts on women's health and well-being. The second two chapters of my dissertation examine the implications of two different policies that affect reproductive health access. First, I study the effects of an Israeli policy that expanded access to a subsidy covering the full cost of an abortion. Using unique administrative data, I show the immediate impacts on fertility, but also examine the implications for human capital investment and labor market outcomes. In the final chapter of my dissertation, I extend an analysis of the U.S. Mexico City Policy, studying the impacts on abortion, contraceptive use, and pregnancies in a sample of 26 sub-Saharan African countries over 20 years and three transitions of the imposition of the policy. Across these four chapters, my dissertation demonstrates both regulatory failures and unintended policy consequences, but also highlights opportunities for evidence-based strategies to reduce kiln pollution and improve maternal health and socioeconomic outcomes.
|Type of resource
|electronic resource; remote; computer; online resource
|1 online resource.
|Brooks, Nina Rebecca
|Degree committee member
|Degree committee member
|Stanford University, Emmett Interdisciplinary Program in Environment and Resources
|Statement of responsibility
|Nina R. Brooks.
|Submitted to the Emmett Interdisciplinary Program in Environment and Resources.
|Thesis Ph.D. Stanford University 2020.
- © 2020 by Nina Rebecca Brooks
- This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 Unported license (CC BY-NC).
Also listed in
Loading usage metrics...