The multi-scalar drivers of resident invasive species control action on the island of Hawai'i

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Invasive species are a key driver of global environmental change and can threaten ecosystems, economies, and human health and well-being. To achieve landscape-scale reductions in the cover and abundance of invasive species, management efforts often must be expanded beyond conservation reserves to private lands. To manage invasive species across private lands, conservation organizations and government agencies must motivate landowners to control these species individually on their property and collectively with their neighbors across property boundaries. This dissertation examines when, why, and how landowners can be motivated to engage in such individual and collective efforts to control invasive species in the Puna District of Hawai'i. I use remote sensing data, spatial analysis, cross-sectional surveys, interviews, and a field experiment to examine the multi-scalar factors influencing landowner invasive species control action and invasive species distributions on private lands. My findings suggest that policies and outreach approaches could potentially enhance resident individual and collective action for invasive species control by: 1) facilitating management efforts on absentee lands, 2) providing subsidies and assistance to low-income landowners and renters, 3) informing landowners about the risk posed by invasive species and how to effectively control these species, and 4) building perceptions of community norms and reciprocity regarding invasive species control through interventions based in social psychology theory. My dissertation highlights the need for integrating social and ecological data and theory to manage invasion across private lands.


Type of resource text
Form electronic resource; remote; computer; online resource
Extent 1 online resource.
Place California
Place [Stanford, California]
Publisher [Stanford University]
Copyright date 2018; ©2018
Publication date 2018; 2018
Issuance monographic
Language English


Author Niemiec, Rebecca Marie
Degree supervisor Ardoin, Nicole M. (Nicole Michele)
Degree supervisor Asner, Gregory P
Thesis advisor Ardoin, Nicole M. (Nicole Michele)
Thesis advisor Asner, Gregory P
Thesis advisor Vitousek, Peter Morrison
Thesis advisor Willer, Robert Bartley
Degree committee member Vitousek, Peter Morrison
Degree committee member Willer, Robert Bartley
Associated with Emmett Interdisciplinary Program in Environment and Resources (Stanford University)


Genre Theses
Genre Text

Bibliographic information

Statement of responsibility Rebecca Marie Niemiec.
Note Submitted to the Emmett Interdisciplinary Program in Environment and Resources.
Thesis Thesis Ph.D. Stanford University 2018.
Location electronic resource

Access conditions

© 2018 by Rebecca Marie Niemiec
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 Unported license (CC BY-NC).

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