Unequal contexts, unequal opportunity : racial differences in school achievement distributions and neighborhood socioeconomic status
- Racial school and residential segregation mean that black students in schools, and black families in neighborhoods generally face different school and neighborhood contexts, respectively, than their white counterparts. These patterns persist despite decades of declining residential segregation, and court-mandated school desegregation. Just how different school and neighborhood contexts are, however, is an open question. This dissertation utilizes a novel approach to measuring racial differences in school and neighborhood context to answer this question. The first paper uses an exposure measure to describe the student achievement distributions in the schools of different race students, conditional on achievement. A similar measure is used in the second paper, which describes differences in neighborhood socioeconomic status for families of the same income, but different races. Both papers find that, even conditional on achievement, in the case of schools, and family income, in the case of neighborhoods, black students and families face strikingly different contexts than white students and families. The final paper of the dissertation links a version of the neighborhood measures to young adult outcomes to explore how differences in neighborhood context area associated with income, college-going, and teen pregnancy. Results suggest that neighborhood context matters for college enrollment and teen birth rates, while the evidence for adult income is less conclusive.
|Type of resource
|electronic; electronic resource; remote
|1 online resource.
|Townsend, Joseph B
|Stanford University, Graduate School of Education.
|Reardon, Sean F
|Reardon, Sean F
|Statement of responsibility
|Joseph B. Townsend.
|Submitted to the Graduate School of Education.
|Thesis (Ph.D.)--Stanford University, 2018.
- © 2018 by Joseph B. Townsend
- This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 Unported license (CC BY-NC).
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