Transient osmotic perturbation causes long-term alteration to the gut microbiota
- "Osmotic diarrhea is a prevalent condition in humans caused by food intolerance, malabsorption, and widespread laxative use. Here, we assess the resilience of the gut ecosystem to osmotic perturbation at multiple length and time scales using mice as model hosts. Osmotic stress caused reproducible extinction of highly abundant taxa and expansion of less prevalent members in human and mouse microbiotas. Quantitative imaging revealed decimation of the mucus barrier during osmotic perturbation, followed by recovery. The immune system exhibited temporary changes in cytokine levels and a lasting IgG response against commensal bacteria. Increased osmolality prevented growth of commensal strains in vitro, revealing one mechanism contributing to extinction. Environmental availability of microbiota members mitigated extinction events, demonstrating how species reintroduction can impact community resilience. Our findings demonstrate that even mild osmotic diarrhea can cause lasting changes to the microbiota and host, and lay the foundation for interventions that increase system-wide resilience.The data presented here represents the 16S, transcriptomics and metagenomics sequencing files for the study and the associated metadata. Each file refers to a figure in the manuscript and is matched to its mapping file with the corresponding file name."
|Type of resource
|2014 - 2017
|Tropini, C., Moss, E. L., Merrill, B. D., Ng, K. M., Higginbottom, S. K., Casavant, E. P., Gonzalez, C. G., Fremin, B., Bouley, D. M., Elias, J. E., Bhatt, A. S., Huang, K. C. & Sonnenburg, J. L. Transient Osmotic Perturbation Causes Long-Term Alteration to the Gut Microbiota. Cell 173, 1742--1754.e17 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cell.2018.05.008
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- This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported license (CC BY).
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