Rehabilitated ruins : development, democratization, and UNESCO World Heritage in Turkey
- Based on two years of multi-sited ethnographic research with bureaucrats, academics, and heritage professionals in Turkey and in Paris, France, this dissertation traces the global shift in heritage from a politics of responsibility to one of opportunity. It is the story of an international heritage program, guided by the UNESCO Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage (World Heritage Convention), and of the field that this program offers Turkey and other nation-states for political and economic maneuvering. It traces how the Turkish state strategically deploys heritage to position itself in an increasingly transnational political, economic, and social order. This study details how global notions of cultural heritage touch down in Turkey, where there is often a gap between the Western principles of World Heritage and local practices. It explores how local actors negotiate this gap to advance their political agenda at the national and the transnational levels. The major argument of this dissertation is that the Turkish government uses the forum provided by the World Heritage Convention domestically to support development initiatives and shape the political field. Internationally, the Turkish state uses the Convention to affirm its commitment to liberal ideals and to expand Turkey's global influence. This study details, ultimately, that non-European states are not merely subject to the World Heritage Convention but empowered by it. In light of this dissertation, it is clear that new global ideas about heritage are entangled with states' global pursuit of capital and prestige. It is an entanglement that binds World Heritage to the archaeological record, the state, and the global economy, providing a clear vantage from which to understand how local histories shape global futures.
|Type of resource
|electronic; electronic resource; remote
|1 online resource.
|Human, Helen Clare
|Stanford University, Department of Anthropology.
|Statement of responsibility
|Helen Clare Human.
|Submitted to the Department of Anthropology.
|Thesis (Ph.D.)--Stanford University, 2015.
- © 2015 by Helen Clare Human
- This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 Unported license (CC BY-NC).
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