Using a systems approach to improve WASH services in primary government schools in Sitapur, India
- Background: Clean and functional Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene (WASH) infrastructure promotes children's health and learning in primary schools. However, contextual complexities and priorities of stakeholders often hinder WASH infrastructure from effectively contributing to better health outcomes. Methods: This qualitative study uses a systems perspective to investigate the drivers behind current public service successes or failures in primary government schools in Sitapur district, Uttar Pradesh, India to inform the development of an incentive-compatible and contextually relevant WASH service delivery system. Using a grounded theory approach, we conducted 76 in-depth interviews with key informants, including headmasters, village leaders, ration distributors, and government officials at local and district levels. Results: While our analysis is ongoing and will be completed in the first quarter of 2024, preliminary observations, particularly of the Mid-day Meal and NIPUN Bharat schemes, suggest clear information exchange and strong accountability mechanisms within/between stakeholder categories involved in public service delivery. Current program efforts primarily manage immediate risks without addressing underlying vulnerabilities, contributing to short-term solutions. Conclusions: Our research preliminarily provides insights into successful service delivery mechanisms across systems and, by transcending traditional water sector boundaries, potentially bring new solutions applicable within the water sector. We also anticipate that our research will provide insights to bolster existing WASH service deliveries in Uttar Pradesh and potentially institutionalize effective practices more widely in India. This study contributes to global literature by unraveling intricate cause-effect relationships and sociopolitical dynamics influencing successful service deliveries and proposes adaptable strategies for wider application.
|Type of resource
|electronic resource; remote; computer; online resource
|1 online resource.
|Badamikar, Anvesh Ajay
|Degree committee member
|Stanford University, School of Engineering
|Stanford University, Civil & Environmental Engineering Department
|Statement of responsibility
|Submitted to the Civil & Environmental Engineering Department.
|Thesis Engineering Stanford University 2023.
- © 2023 by Anvesh Ajay Badamikar
- This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 Unported license (CC BY-NC).
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